Friday, April 11, 2008

Alice Rivlin has sold me

In previous posts I have expressed skepticism about bail-outs. Then along came this via Mark Thoma:

The Fed’s Money Well Spent, by Alice Rivlin, Commentary, NY Times: One benefit of the Federal Reserve’s rescue of Bear Stearns is that public outrage has aroused the political system to action in mitigating the foreclosure crisis.

Never mind that the supposed conflict between Wall Street and Main Street is a false one — Main Street runs on credit and cannot prosper if the financial system is in shambles and credit dries up. Never mind that the supposed Fat Cat “bailout” was a disaster for Bear Stearns stockholders, and that the idea of a “moral hazard” risk — that other investment banks will be tempted to emulate Bear Stearns — is preposterous. Never mind that if markets head back up and the collateral can be sold at a profit, taxpayers may lose nothing.

In the end, the Fed’s action was not aimed at rescuing those who made bad decisions out of greed or stupidity, but at protecting the rest of the country — and indeed the world — from the possibly devastating consequences of a financial meltdown.

Nevertheless, the outrage is both understandable and useful. Public money has been put at risk...

Like the failure of a financial behemoth, spreading foreclosures engulf the innocent as well as the imprudent and unwise. To be sure, many homeowners were shortsighted and greedy. Like their Wall Street counterparts they borrowed too much and got caught when the music stopped. Like the Bear Stearns shareholders, they should take losses. But putting them out of their homes does not merely harm them and their children, it endangers whole neighborhoods and drags down the assets of their more prudent neighbors.

Congress and the Bush administration should move quickly ... to enact laws to ease the renegotiation of mortgages and keep homeowners who are able to pay the new charges in their homes. Public money will have to be put at risk, but it is worth it. The deals should be structured so that the taxpayer shares in the gains if markets recover...

When the immediate crisis is past, however, we must turn to the difficult task of reducing the chances of a replay. It will not be easy to design regulations that do more good than harm, but at the very least all financial institutions that stand to benefit from Federal Reserve help in a crisis must be subject to regulatory scrutiny to make sure they are managing their risk prudently. There must be higher capital requirements and limits on excessive leverage. ...

After that, we must take on the even harder job of sorting through the explosion of financial instruments ... and deciding which belong in our kit of tools and which should be relegated to the waste heap. If they genuinely spread risk and help move capital into more productive uses, they should stay. But some exotic derivatives ... may entail more systemic risk than social value.

The folks who devise these exotica are talented enough to create something useful. We would all be better off if they were productively employed in the “real” economy — or pursued wealth in Las Vegas, where the risks the smartest gamblers pose to the house are carefully controlled.

The world is a second best place. Sometimes I still need to learn to live with it.


Anonymous said...

There is no point to safeguarding the values of homes when that value has risen so much beyond the mean. It is best for our children and others that housing be affordable, not just an investment. We must live with the pain of get the prices back to normal. Those who gambled and lost can just as well rent. Those areas being abandoned are because of job losses, not housing issues.

davelindahl said...

David Lindahl feel in the future for paying more money for un-worthy property or lesser amount for the property that hurt the property owner or you’ll feel for your mistake. David Lindahl scam reports that you should have knowledge about your nearby real estate market is for the reason that there are some apartment property that have more selling rate than others due to the place where it is in. So in order to get more money in this field you have to know more updates news about the market rate.